PSYCHOLOGY OF SPORT is a theoretical and practical science that investigates psychological processes and their expression in people before and after šp. activities. With psych. aspects deals with 4 areas: describing, explaining, forecasting, changing.
Subject of sports psychology of the field: psychological analysis of sports activity (what psychological abilities it requires sport from the competitor), specific psychological characteristics of athletes that are important in sport (concentrated int., motivation, self-confidence …), social psychology of sport (group dynamics – group events, group leadership, audience influence …), competition psychology (performance, stress management), psychol. coaches (prob. training, relationships with players, motives of coaches)
Areas of work p. psychologists: research, teach, work with athletes. The main goal is to teach the athlete to get to the ideal onset (mental), essence: improving the athlete’s achievement through the use of psychological preparation techniques Techniques: interview, composing pre-performance and performance routines, goal setting, sensoryization, self-talk, relaxation and activation strategies, hypnosis Motivation is a dynamic multidimensional force that encourages and directs our behavior.
Under the notion of motive we understand all the internal and external factors that guide human behavior. Characteristics of motivated behavior: 1. increased energy mobilization 2. perseverance intensity of behavior 3. goal orientation. The motives are biological acquired at birth or learned, they are greatly influenced by the characteristics of the environment in which the individual finds ทรรศนะบอล.
Motivational situation and process
The elements of a motivational situation are need, initiator, motivational activity and goal. The basic element is the need to:
1. Mental (lack of reputation, acceptanceL) 2. Physical (fatigue, insomnia, thirstL). To meet the need there must be an initiator, a trigger element, this motivates the individual to start a motivational activity that it involves finding and choosing a goal to achieve which would satisfy the need. When we talk about motivating an athlete by surroundings (coach, friends, parents), we have in mind the influence on the whole process (need, choice of goals).
Problem It is not always the case that an unmotivated athlete has no motive, it is often the case that there is no initiator in the environment who would discovered his need. Often the problem is a wrongly set goal, a solution: properly set goals and appropriate behaviors that lead to this goal.
General motives: physiological needs, safety and certainty, respect, assertion (status), sociability productivity, power, curiosity, self-actualization. Sports motives: success, team atmosphere, energy consumption skills development, friendships, fun, pursuit of achievement, health and good physical condition, sports activity itself, the influence of others, other motives.